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AHA PALS 2019: 9 Facts About Kawasaki Disease

Fact #1 Kawasaki disease affects children.

Most patients are below five years old. The average age for patients with Kawasaki disease is two years old. Boys develop Kawasaki disease almost twice as often as girls. Infants under one year old usually have the most serious cases. Infant victims also have the greatest risk for heart complications.

Fact #2 It affects the heart.

As many as one in four victims of Kawasaki disease develop heart complications.

Fact #3 Kawasaki disease is also known as:

  • Kawasaki syndrome
  • mucocutaneous lymph node syndrome

Fact #4 Symptoms of Kawasaki disease include the following:

  1. Fever
  2. Rash
  3. Swelling of the patient’s hands and feet
  4. Irritation & redness of the whites of the eyes
  5. Swollen lymph glands (in the neck of the patient)
  6. Irritation & inflammation of the mouth, lips and throat

Fact #5 It has been around for a long time but…

Kawasaki disease wasn’t acknowledged as a separate disease until 1967.

Fact #6 Kawasaki disease is named after Dr. Tomisaku Kawasaki.

Dr. Kawasaki is a Japanese pediatrician.

Fact #7 It can lead to long term heart complications.

Although, the effects of Kawasaki disease are uncommonly serious. Most victims of the disease totally recover.The acute phase usually lasts ten up to 14 days or more.

Fact #8 The cause of Kawasaki disease is unknown but…

Because the disease repeatedly happen in outbreaks and within local populations, a virus or another type of infectious agent is seen as the likely cause of the said disease. The outbreaks frequently occur during winter and early spring. [aha pals]

Fact #9 There is no strong evidence that the disease is hereditary or that it is contagious.

But more than one child in a family can develop Kawasaki disease, which might also indicate a genetic susceptibility. [aha pals]

Also, you may visit the American Heart Association’s dedicated pages for Signs, Symptoms & Diagnosis as well as Complications, Treatment and Prevention of Kawasaki Disease, respectively.

Lastly, I’d like to share to you Myles’ story. When he was only five months old, Myles suffered a heart attack as a result of Kawasaki disease. Myles is a survivor, here’s his story of triumph over:

 

References:

https://www.heart.org/en/health-topics/kawasaki-disease

https://www.heart.org/en/health-topics/kawasaki-disease/kawasaki-disease-signs-symptoms–diagnosis

https://www.heart.org/en/health-topics/kawasaki-disease/kawasaki-disease-complications-treatment-and-prevention

 

 

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